Headache, Causes and treatment.

Headache can be defined as pain anywhere in the region of head and neck.

Most headaches have an underlying cause and managing and treating the cause causes the headache to disappear.

Causes of Headaches.

  • Infections and diseases such as malaria, typhoid,brucellosis.
  • Viral infections like common cold and measles.
  • Brain tumors.
  • hypertension.
  • Migraine,
  • some medications.
  • Headaches of unknown origin.

Tension headaches,

These headaches are considered normal and do not prevent one from performing their everyday activities.

They are more common in women than men.

They affect both sides of the head.

They last for about thirty minutes though may also last for several hours or even several days.

These headaches may result due to stress,

  • sleep deprivation,
  • poor posture, 
  •  skipping meals,
  • dehydration,
  • certain smells,
  • bright sunlight,
  • Squinting (due to short sightedness)

These headaches are treated using normal painkilers like paracetamol and ibuprofen.

Relaxation is also very effective in treating the headaches.


This is a severe thrombing pain on one side of the head or the front part.

Migraine may be accompanied by other symptoms like smells and visual disturbances.

See migraines for details.

Cluster headaches

These headaches occur for a month or two in the same time of the year.

They are severe and affect one side of the head near the eye.

They affect any age but are more common in men who have reached the age of 20years.

The causes are not known but there is genetical predisposition and smokers tend to be affected more.

These headaches occur suddenly and are described as sharp pain.


These types of headaches cannot be treated with ordinally over the counter drugs.

A class of drugs called triptans is used.

Oxygen therapy may sometimes be used.

Prevention of cluster headaches

Verapamil is used in prevention.





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Dr Mathu

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